One State Solution: Between Theory and Practice

In recent times, a growing number of calls have surfaced among Palestinian and Israeli intellectuals and academics urging the reconsideration of the bi-national state option. This proposal emerged in response to somewhat clear indications of the faltering of the two-state solution and a recognition of the need to embrace more effective strategic alternatives capable of addressing the fundamental issues at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

This study delves into the realm of the one-state option, bridging the gap between theory and practice. It traces the evolution of the bi-national state concept from its inception to the present, while also examining the circumstances that led to the collapse of the two-state solution through political and intellectual lenses. Additionally, the study explores the implications of Israeli racist practices on this shifting landscape.

The primary goal of this research is to introduce the concept of a bi-national state, evaluating its potential to serve Palestinian national interests. It scrutinizes the ability of this option to grapple with the challenges of achieving a final solution and bringing an end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Furthermore, the study aims to elucidate the obstacles encountered in realizing this option. Shedding light on the multi-dimensional aspects of the one-state solution, particularly in the aftermath of the stagnation in the peace process between the Palestinian and Israeli sides and the collapse of the two-state project, becomes paramount.

Addressing pivotal issues such as settlements, refugees, and the insistence on a Jewish state, the study underscores the critical discussions surrounding the major projects of both the two-state solution and the one-state option. There has been extensive discourse on settlement policies and their impact on derailing the two-state project, as well as the destabilizing effect of the insistence on the Jewishness of the state on the peace process. Notably, proponents of the one-state solution argue for its superiority, emphasizing its potential to revive the concept of popular sovereignty and secure comprehensive national and political rights, especially for the Palestinian people.

In examining the challenges faced by proponents of the one-state project, the research explores intellectual issues such as collective identity and Israeli particularity in coexistence. Additionally, it delves into the responses of the Israeli and Palestinian populations and the reactions of national and international movements regarding the acceptance and support of this option, emphasizing the need for well-developed movement strategies that demystify the concept and address concerns.

The study concludes that the consideration of a one-state option is a matter of evolving significance, gaining momentum over time, especially as the two-state option fails to provide convincing prospects for the future of the national project. There is a discernible and steady increase in support for the idea of a single state.

Follow the link on the detailed study ( apologies, translation from Arabic to English is being carried out)

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Youth's poetry ignites my quest, Against oppression, I protest. In Palestine's struggle, voices rise, For freedom, peace, justice, my cries.
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